A decomposition approach to solve the selective graph coloring problem in some perfect graph families
|Title||A decomposition approach to solve the selective graph coloring problem in some perfect graph families|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2019|
|Authors||Şeker, O., T. Ekim, and Z. C. Taşkın|
|Keywords||chordal graphs, decomposition algorithm, generalized split graphs, integer programming, partition coloring, permutation graphs, selective graph coloring|
Graph coloring is the problem of assigning a minimum number of colors to all vertices of a graph such that no two adjacent vertices receive the same color. The selective graph coloring problem is a generalization of the standard graph coloring problem; given a graph with a partition of its vertex set into clusters, the objective is to choose exactly one vertex per cluster so that, among all possible selections, the number of colors necessary to color the vertices in the selection is minimum. This study focuses on a decomposition based exact solution framework for selective coloring in some perfect graph families: in particular, permutation, generalized split, and chordal graphs where the selective coloring problem is known to be NP-hard. Our method combines integer programming techniques and combinatorial algorithms for the graph classes of interest. We test our method on graphs with different sizes and densities, present computational results and compare them with solving an integer programming formulation of the problem by CPLEX, and a state-of-the art algorithm from the literature. Our computational experiments indicate that our decomposition approach significantly improves solution performance in low-density graphs, and regardless of edge-density in the class of chordal graphs.